|Lecture slides, v1 (13 October)||Handout||13 Oct 2017|
|Supplementary material handout||Handout||12 Oct 2017|
|Problem sheet 1||Problem sheet||12 Oct 2017|
|Problem sheet 2||Problem sheet||12 Oct 2017|
Introduction and revision of Thermodynamics:
The ideal gas; the van der Waals gas; equations of state; phase diagrams. Thermodynamic variables and potentials. Thermodynamic equilibrium in closed systems, maximum entropy; open systems and availability – relation to thermodynamic potentials and to the probability of a state.
Fundamentals of statistical mechanics:
Principle of equal equilibrium probability; microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles; partition function and grand partition function – relation to thermodynamic potentials and variables; maximisation of partition function. Paramagnetic salt in an external field; ensemble of simple harmonic oscillators.
Classical ideal gas:
Counting of states in the phase space; equipartition theorem; indistinguishability; ideal gas in the canonical ensemble; additional degrees of freedom and external potentials; chemical reactions and chemical equilibrium. Grand partition function; density series expansion; p-T ensemble; m-p-T ensemble; ideal gas in the grand canonical ensemble.
Quantum statistical mechanics:
Quantum to classical crossover; Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics; quantum states of an ideal gas. The ideal Fermi gas; low-temperature limit; entropy and heat capacity of fermions of at low temperatures. The ideal Bose gas; Bose-Einstein condensation. Black-body radiation, phonons and spin waves.
Classical interacting systems:
Liquids; radial distribution function; internal energy and equation of state; pair interaction and virial expansion; van der Waals equation of state revisited. Mixtures and mixing entropy; phase separation; phase diagrams and critical points. Phase transformations; symmetry breaking and order parameters; the Ising model; the Landau theory of phase transitions; 1st and 2nd order transitions, critical points and triple points; transitions in external fields; critical behaviour and universality.
Fluctuations and stochastic processes:
Fluctuations in thermodynamic variables; probability distribution of fluctuations; fluctuations at critical points. Thermal noise; Brownian motion; stochastic variables and Langevin equation; fluctuation-dissipation theorem. Probability distribution and simple diffusion; diffusion in external potentials; the Kramers problem; generalised diffusion equations.
Equilibrium Thermodynamics, Adkins (3rd edn CUP 1983).
Concepts in Thermal Physics, Blundell and Blundell (Oxford 2006)
Introductory Statistical Mechanics, Bowley & Sanchez (Oxford 1996).
Statistical Physics (Course of Theoretical Physics, v.5), Landau & Lifshitz (Pergamon 1980)
Brownian Motion, Mazo (Oxford 2002)